Prison adjustment in male, youthful offenders as predicted by ego resiliency and intelligence

Geertina Houthuyzen Ellis, Fayetteville State University


The hypothesis of this study was that ego resiliency would be a reliable predictor of prison adjustment in male youthful offenders. The relationship between ego resiliency and intelligence to adjustment to prison in youthful male offenders was investigated. The sample consisted of 41 male, youthful felons incarcerated at a medium security facility in the Southern region of the United States. Participants were administered the ER89 which yields individual ego resiliency scores. Beta IQ scores were obtained from mental health jackets. Adjustment to prison was measured by rate of infractions and obtained from institutional files. For every participant, infractions were counted starting the date of entry into the medium security facility and continuing for six months thereafter. Results indicate that neither intelligence nor ego resiliency accounts for any significant variability in infraction rate. A Pearson Product Moment Correlation yielded a statistical significant negative correlation between ego resilience and intelligence.

Subject Area

Psychotherapy|Social psychology|Criminology

Recommended Citation

Ellis, Geertina Houthuyzen, "Prison adjustment in male, youthful offenders as predicted by ego resiliency and intelligence" (1997). ETD Collection for Fayetteville State University. AAI1390613.